This digital edition by Joseph H. Peterson, Copyright © 2001.
All rights reserved. Updated Jun 16, 2020.
Archidoxae or Archidoxis magica first appeared in 1591 as part of the collected works of Paracelsus Zehender Theil der Bucher und Schrifften published by Johannes Huser of Basel. It has been suggested that the text was written by Jacques Gohory, constructed partially on earlier texts. Gohory is also thought to have been the compiler/composer of Liber quartus ("Fourth Book") of Ps.-Agrippa,2 and perhaps also Arbatel Of Magic (as I have suggested elsewhere).
1. Willard in Classen, Albrecht, Magic and Magicians in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Time: The Occult in Pre-Modern Sciences, Medicine, Literature, Religion, and Astrology. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018. Paris.
See also Wolfgang Schneider, Paracelsus — Autor der Archidoxis Magica? (Veröffentlichungen aus dem pharmaziegeschichtlichen Seminar der Technischen Universität Braunschweig, vol. 23), Stuttgart, Deutscher Apotheker Verlag, 1982. Schneider concluded the first four books could be genuine.
The English translation is from Robert Turner's edition (1656), however I have replaced Turner's drawings of the seals with those in the printed edition of Sudhoff. Paracelsus: Sämtliche Werke. Abt. 1, Bd. 14: Das Volumen primum der Philosophia magna. (Oldenbourg: München [u.a.] 1933.)
Peuckert's modern German edition omits several of the seals, explaining: "Ich lasse die ihrer Art und Wirkung entsprechenden Siegel Zwillinge, Krebs, Jungfrau, Skorpion, Steinbock und Fische um der Krze willen, und weil sie zu dem Thema der Macht der Zeit nichts Neues bieten, fort." (I will omit the nature and impact of the seals of Gemini, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces for brevity's sake, and because they are on the subject of the power of time, and offer nothing new.) (Paracelsus, and Will-Erich Peuckert. Werke, Basel: Schwabe Verlag, 1965.)
There are some differences in the formulae as found in Paracelsus' original text, that found in Robert Turner's English translation, and that found in Ars Paulina.
|Aries||Iron 1 Lot, Gold half Lot, Silver 1 Dr., Copper half Dr.||Iron half Dr., Gold 2 Oz., Silver 1 Oz., Copper half Oz.||Iron half Dr., Gold 2 Oz., Copper half Oz.|
|Taurus||Copper 1 Oz., Iron half Oz., Tin 1 Dr., Gold 2 Oz.||Copper 1 Dr., Iron half Dr., Tin 1 Oz., Gold 2 Dr.||Copper 1 Dr., Iron half Dr., Tin 1 Oz., Gold 2 Oz.|
|Gemini||Gold and Silver 2 Lot||Gold and Silver 1 Oz.||Gold and Silver 1 Oz.|
|Virgo||Copper 1 Dr., Gold half Oz., Silver 2 Dr., Tin half Dr.||Copper 1 Oz., Gold half Dr., Silver 2 Oz., Tin half Oz.||Copper 1 Oz., Gold half Dr., Silver 2 Oz., Tin half Oz.|
|Aquarius||Gold 1 Lot, Silver 1 Oz., Lead 2 Dr., Iron 1 Dr.||Gold half Dr., Lead 2 Oz., Iron 1 Oz.||Gold half Dr., Lead 2 Oz., Iron 1 Oz.|
|Pisces||Gold 1 Dr., Silver 2 Dr., Tin 4 Dr., Iron 1 Dr., Copper 1 Dr.||Gold, Iron, Copper, Silver each 2 Oz., Tin half Dr.||Gold, Iron, Copper, Silver each 2 Oz., Tin half Dr.|
Note, the apothecary symbols in the following formulae have the following meanings:
= 1 ounce = 28.35 grams (Ger. Unze)
= 1 dram = 3.54 grams = 1/8 oz (Ger. Drachme)
1 Lot = 1/2 Unze.
The Second Treatise of
The Mysteries of the Signes
ZODIACK. Englished by Robert Turner, 1656.
Englished by Robert Turner, 1656.
The Heaven is compassed about with a large Circle in a Circuit
which we call the Zodiack, and is divided into Twelve equal parts:
these are named with the Names, and Designated with the Characters
ss. ii i ss.
These Metals, in the day, hour, and very point wherein the Sun
enters the first degree of Aries, (which for the most part
happens the tenth day of March, or thereabouts) are all
to be melted together with a very strong violent fire; but first
the Iron is to be reduced into filings, or else it will not be
melted. They being all melted and prepared, on the day of ,
being in the 9 or 10 degree
of Aries, or thereabouts, which is once every month: in
the same hour it ought to be finished; but is to be applied when
Mars is in the Ninth House of Heaven, or the Eighth.
This Seal is a most certain Experiment to Cure all Fluxes and
Catharres descending from the Head upon the Brain, &c. For
it purgeth the Brain, and drieth up all Flegm of the Head, and
all Diseases which appertain to the Head; it amendeth all Maladies
thereof, being worn night and day, the Signe of Aries being
turned next the Brain.
Rx Of i Of i Of ss. Of ii.
They are all to be mixed together by melting them, the Sun being in Taurus, which every yeer happens about the eighth day of April. And in the very point of the Suns ingress into this signe, this Seal must be begun, and forthwith finished, or else the whole work will be frustrate. And when the Moon is in the 10 degree of Taurus, it is to be applied.
For the expedition of this work, there may be engraven some stamps
of Iron first, wherewith the Seal may be coined after it is melted,
whereby all the Signes and Words are quickly imprinted. So all
the other Seals may be done: for oftentimes the hour slips away
before they can be finished, and then happens the greatest detriment
to this work, Wherefore the time is chiefly to be noted, as having
the greatest power in these operations.
The Nature and Property of this Sigil, giveth a most excellent
Remedy to them who have lost their Generative Virtue: if it be
so hanged that it may touch the Navel, the Sign Taurus
being turned next the flesh and the body, it giveth the best help
to men or women.
Rx of Gold and Silver, of each i.
Let them br both melted together the Sun entring the Signe Gemini; which happens about the 10 or 11 day of May, according to the course of the yeer. Wherefore the yeer wherein the Sigil is to be made, you must first calculate: There are two Lamens to be made out of the mixture of the aforesaid Metals, whereupon the Signes are to be engraven as they are posited in the following Figures, when the Moon is in the signe of Leo or Pisces: but the Seal being perfected, is to be applied at such time when is in the first House of Heaven; the air gentle, milde, and serene. The face of the Money that hath the signe , is to be turned towards, and worn upon the naked skin: both the said Lamens are to be connexed together with a Circle made of the same matter, almost a fingers breadth to be asunder in the middle, that they may not touch one another, with these faces, or sides, that are without signes: for there must be so great distanmce between them, that there may be a Pipe interposed, that may receive a Goose-quill full of Quicksilver, and afterwards to be stopped with Mastick: it must also contain a Pipe of Metal, which must hold the Quill: when the work is completed, let the Quick-silver be poured into the Quill, the day and hour of Mercury, the Moon decreasing.
The rest was desired in a German example, even the strength and
virtue of this kind of Sigil, for which it is made: but that we
may not here traduce you, until perhaps hereafter by some examples
it may be made known; we will not feign any thing of our selves,
which might agree therewith. In the mean time, if any have so
great a desire to know the power and virtue thereof, that they
cannot stay in expectation of it, seek to the most approved Authors
in Astronomy, what are the Virtues of Gemini, in producing
Diseases and other things: And then at last, according to the
process of the preceding and following Signes, maturely judge.
The Sigil of this Signe is made of most pure Silver, in that hour
when Sol enters the signe Cancer, (which uses to
be about the 10 or 11 day of June) but when the Moon
is in a good Aspect, and not afflicted by any evil Planet, these
Figures must be engraven in the hour of the Moon when she
is increasing: in the same hour they must be begun, and finished;
or else the whole labor is in vain.
This Seal must be applied in the day and hour of the Moon,
she decreasing; and ins to be kept and worn very Clean. The Virtue
thereof causetth happy Journeys: It is very profitable to be worn
against the Dropsie, and all Defects of the Body proceeding from
moisture, or superfluous Flegm.
This Sigil of Leo is to be made with great diligence in
July only, when the Sun is in his own House, to
wit, Leo, about the 13 or 14 day of the same Month. It
is to be made of pure Gold, melted and wrought into a Lamen,
when the Sun enters the first degree of the Signe, and
perfected before the end of the hour. Afterwards when Jupiter
is in Pisces, the Signes are to be ingraven on one side
thereof, as they are in the first Figure: And the other side is
to be engraven when the Moon is in the House of Jupiter,
that is, in Pisces. And note, that after the melting of
the Seal, it must not be put again into the fire, else all things
are in vain.
Let it be applied in the day and hour of the Sun. It hath
a most excellent virtue: it causeth great Favours to men and women
that wear it: It is a very good Remedy against Quartain Feavers.
The Liquor is also good to be drunk, wherein it hath been infused
all night. It is especially approved against Pestilence and all
inward infection; and against all Diseases in the Eyes coming
from heat, and from all other evil Heats and Rheums which we call
flying Humors. It is good also against Burnings, the Seal being
applied upon the place, certainly and surely draweth out the fire.
This way we cured the wife of one Mr. Nicholas Barber our
Country-man, dwelling at a place called Villach in which
we Cured, and drew out the burning so, that the burned place was
healed without any sore, or running Matter, only by applying such
a Sigil; which she wore upon the place until the end of the Cure.
The Seal of Virgo is made of
ss. These metals ought to
be all melted together on Sunday about the 13 or 14 day of the
Sun's ingress into Virgo: And after they are melted,
to be reduced into a thin Lamen: afterwards in the hour
of Mercury, when Mercury is well Aspected of the
other Planets; let the Names and Characters be engraven upon the
Lamen, so, that they may be finished in the same hour.
Let it be applied when Mercury is in the forst House of
Heaven, the air being clear and serene, (for then it is much better)
and in the hour of Mercury, for then he ruleth the first
House of Heaven; but if it cannot be, refer it to an hour of like
nature, although the hour of Mercury is best.
This Sigil is to be made of pure ,
and to be melted, poured out and made when the Sun enters
Libra, which somtimes happens on Sunday the 13 or
14 of September, according to the progress of the yeer:
And this is to be noted, That when Venus is the ruling
Planet, or Reservator of the yeer, the Sigil will be of much more
virtue, especially if those wear it, who were born under the same
Planet; and if it be made and prepared for them. When
is in the sign Libra, the Signes, Caracters, and Words
which you see in the following Figure, are to be engraven in the
Seal; afterwards in the day and hour of Venus, in the first
or eighth hour, which Venus governs, let it be applied.
It is an admirable Remedy against all Bewitchings of Women, which
hinder the act of generation, and especially in those whom they
hate: In brief, this Sigil is most profitable and excellent against
all Maladies whatsoever; especially all griefs of the Secret Members.
The seal of Scorpio must be made of pure Iron in the day
and hour of Mars, when the Sun enters Scorpio,
which happens about the 12, 13, or 14 day of October: And
in the same hour let one side of the Lamen be engraven
with his Characters. Afterwards, when the Sun is entered
into Aries, let the other side be engraven. It may be applied
at any time when you will.
It is a most excellent Remedy against all Poyson and Diseases
thereby infected. It is excellent and admirable for Souldiers,
Captains, and such as are in daily Controversies: Also, if such
an Animal as follows be made of pure Iron, when Mars is Lord of
the yeer, and the Sun enters the first degree of Scorpio;
afterwards when Mars is in his own House in Aries,
let it be engraven as follows. Then let it be applied in the hour
of Mars: the House wherein it is hanged, it defendeth safe
from all Scorpions; and all Serpents that are alive will flie
out of it: it is a most excellent Remedy against all venemous
bitings: mightily helpeth Souldiers in Fights: and is very good
against the Leprosie to be worn, and the Patient to drink potable
Let it be engraven as this Figure.
[Figure of scorpion with SAPFIOR written on it]
Let there be affixed a Ring of pure Gold to the Tayle thereof,
that it may be worn hanging about the Neck with the Head downwards.
It is a certain Remedy to drive away all Flies from the Bed where
it is hanged.
This Sigil is to be made in the hour of the Suns ingress
into Sagittary (which annually happens on the 12 or 13
day of November) on the first degree of the ingression:
let it be signed in the hour of Jupiter, and applied in
the same hour, the Moon encreasing. This is the second
Seal, that I knew after long search and enquiry; and which, according
to the Art that I profess, I have often used to the shame and
scorn of my Adversaries, that they have stood amazed like Asses,
and durst not open their mouths. There must be a silver Ring to
hang it in, and it must be made of pure Tyrne [Tin], without addition
of any other Metal; and to be worn and kept clean: But it must
be left off in the time of Copulation, or else it loseth its virtue.
We are again forced to complain of envious and perfidious men,
who envying that in others, which they have not themselvs, leave
nothing perfect; that it may the second time appear in this Book,
that their strength and power is taken away, as above is done
concerning the signe Gemini; By the Protestation of the
same Author, in this Chapter, when he saith, That this is the
second Seal which he esteemed to be most powerful in the Medicinal
Art. The envious therefore labor in vain; for whether they will
or no, he will bring into light every thing that they have taken
away out of the Books of Theophrastus Paracelsus. For that
Author before his death did prudently inclose those Books in divers
places in Walls; so that if after his death, they were lost in
one place, they might be preserved in another, for good men; lest
that if any should come to the envious hands of wicked men, should
be perpetually lost, or torn in pieces. Hereby they were preserved
for us whole, that in due time the lives of wicked men, loving
nothing but themselves, may appear out of darkness.
Now we come to trear of Saturn and his progeny: this Seal
is to be made of Gold; for Lead hath no operation with other Metals.
There must be made a Ring of Copper; and together with the Seal,
are both to be made in the hour when the Sun enters Capricorn,
and is garthest distant from us; Let the Seal be engraven on the
day and hour of Saturn, and when Saturn is in a
good Aspect with some other Planet.
It must be applied when the Moon is decreasing or diminished
in light: but the hour of the Aspect, whether it be of the Moon
or any other Planet, matters not. This Seal may vulgarly be called
the Sigil of Favor. This Seal throughly heals the Itch or Scurff
in the Thighes: Our Predecessors could not by Art finde out the
Cure of this Disease, accounting it uncureable; when as this is
the best way to Cure it, without any other means.
When the Sun enters Aquary in the Month of January,
let the Seal be made in the same hour, of these Metals, being
mixt and melted together: of Gold
ss. Lead ii. Of Iron
i. And when the Planet Saturn
is in the Ninth House of Heaven, let these Signes and Words be
quickly engraven one after another.
You shall not apply it till the Sun is under the Earth,
and in the hour of Saturn; and then it is good, being hanged
about the Neck, against Contractures, cold Diseases, and Sinewes
shrunk: it is very profitable to preserve the Memory, to get Favors
amongst men, and very good against all Poyson, as may be proved
by putting any venemous Spider upon the Sigil; it forthwith flieth
away, and cannot possibly remain upon it.
The Seal of Pisces is to be made in February, when the Sun enters Pisces, of the following Metals.
Rx of Gold, Iron, Copper, Silver, of each ii. Of Tynne ss.
Let them be all melted together, and the Seal formed and engraven
the same hour of the Suns ingress [increase]; afterwards
let it be applied when Jupiter is well placed in the eighth
house of heaven, and in the day and hour of Jupiter.
This is an admirable instrument to loose and expel Choler, of which do grow many grievous Diseases, as Contractures, the Palsie, shrinking of the Joynts, Burnings, &c. against which it giveth wonderful help to men or women: it mitigateth the pain of the Gout, takes away the Cramp, and all Griefs proceeding from Fluxes.
This Seal ought to hang down low upon the Navel.
Having found a Conjunction of Saturn and Mars, take a piece of Iron, and frame a Mouse of it, before the Conjunction passeth over: and in the hour of Jupiter, engrave upon the Belly of the Mouse these words:
A L B O M A T A T O X.
Afterwards, when the Moon is in the 9 or 10 degree of Cancer, on the right side engrave:
Afterwards, the Moon descending, and is in the 9 or 10 degree of the signe Pisces, on the left side engrave as followeth:
And upon the Back thereof, from the beginning of the Back-bone unto the Tayle, engrave this word, with the Characters as you see
IO + NATURA SUA.
Note that from the signe of Venus unto the Centre of the other Character, a Line is to be drawn over-thwart. Then prepare a Collary for this Mouse, of pure Lead, the Moon increasing, on the day of Saturn, and first hour of the night, which is the hour of Saturn; and engrave thereon these Characters,
I I. Con. 3. . AB. E λια.
This being thus performed, fit the
Collary in the Conjunction of Saturn with
Mars as abovesaid, and place it about the Center
or middle of the House, all kinds of Mice will
flie away that are in the house: and if afterwards
any Mouse come therein, he will not stay there
an hour. And if any quick [=live] Mouse be bound with
a thred [thread] to this Metallick Mouse, he will not live
above an hour, but will die, and swell, as if he
had eaten Poyson.